fredag 20 mars 2020

Low Serum Cholesterol Level Among Patients with COVID-19 Infection in Wenzhou, China by Xingzhong Hu, Dong Chen, Lianpeng Wu, Guiqing He, Wei Ye :: SSRN

https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3544826&utm_source=EC&utm_medium=Connect



Interpretation: Low serum cholesterol level in the patients with COVID-19 in Wenzhou, China. Altered serum cholesterol provide important information, and is meaningful to understand the disease.


Hu, Xingzhong and Chen, Dong and Wu, Lianpeng and He, Guiqing and
Ye, Wei, Low Serum Cholesterol Level Among Patients with COVID-19
Infection in Wenzhou, China (February 21, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3544826

fredag 14 februari 2020

Association Between Soft Drink Consumption and Mortality in 10 European Countries | Cardiology | JAMA Internal Medicine | JAMA Network

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/article-abstract/2749350

Conclusions and Relevance: This study found that consumption of total, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened soft drinks was positively associated with all-cause deaths in this large European cohort; the results are supportive of public health campaigns aimed at limiting the consumption of soft drinks.


Mullee A, Romaguera D, Pearson-Stuttard J, et al. Association Between
Soft Drink Consumption and Mortality in 10 European Countries. JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(11):1479–1490. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2478

måndag 3 februari 2020

America's most widely consumed oil causes genetic changes in the brain: Soybean oil linked to metabolic and neurological changes in mice -- ScienceDaily

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/01/200117080827.htm



"Used for fast food frying, added to packaged foods, and fed to
livestock, soybean oil is by far the most widely produced and consumed
edible oil in the U.S., according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
In all likelihood, it is not healthy for humans."

 ...

"The research team discovered roughly 100 other genes also affected by
the soybean oil diet. They believe this discovery could have
ramifications not just for energy metabolism, but also for proper brain
function and diseases such as autism or Parkinson's disease. However, it
is important to note there is no proof the oil causes these diseases."



University of California - Riverside. "America's most widely consumed
oil causes genetic changes in the brain: Soybean oil linked to metabolic
and neurological changes in mice." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17
January 2020.
<www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/01/200117080827.htm>.

torsdag 5 december 2019

Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/91/3/535/4597110?links=false


Conclusions: A meta-analysis of prospective epidemiologic studies showed that there is no significant evidence for concluding that dietary saturated fat is associated with an increased risk of CHD or CVD.


Patty W Siri-Tarino, Qi Sun, Frank B Hu, Ronald M Krauss, Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 91, Issue 3, March 2010, Pages 535–546, https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.27725

torsdag 24 oktober 2019

Sugar- and Artificially Sweetened Beverages and the Risks of Incident Stroke and Dementia | Stroke

https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.016027

Conclusions—
Artificially sweetened soft drink consumption was associated with a higher risk of stroke and dementia.

Pase MP, Himali JJ, Beiser AS, et al. Sugar- and Artificially Sweetened Beverages and the Risks of Incident Stroke and Dementia: A Prospective Cohort Study. Stroke. 2017;48(5):1139–1146. doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.016027

Increase health benefits of exercise by working out before breakfast -- ScienceDaily

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191018080619.htm


Exercising before eating breakfast burns more fat, improves how the body responds to insulin and lowers people's risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

University of Bath. (2019, October 18). Increase health benefits of exercise by working out before breakfast. ScienceDaily. Retrieved October 24, 2019 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191018080619.htm

torsdag 3 oktober 2019

Red Meat Intake and Cardiometabolic and Cancer Outcomes | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians

https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/2752326/effect-lower-versus-higher-red-meat-intake-cardiometabolic-cancer-outcomes?searchresult=1


Conclusion:
Low- to very-low-certainty evidence suggests that diets restricted in red meat may have little or no effect on major cardiometabolic outcomes and cancer mortality and incidence.


Zeraatkar D, Johnston BC, Bartoszko J, et al. Effect of Lower Versus Higher Red Meat Intake on Cardiometabolic and Cancer OutcomesA Systematic Review of Randomized Trials. Ann Intern Med. 2019; [Epub ahead of print 1 October 2019]. doi: 10.7326/M19-0622

tisdag 3 september 2019

Nutrients | Free Full-Text | The Dietary Intake of Wheat and other Cereal Grains and Their Role in Inflammation | HTML

https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/5/3/771/htm


In this review we discuss evidence from in vitroin vivo and human intervention studies that describe how the consumption of wheat, but also other cereal grains, can contribute to the manifestation of chronic inflammation and autoimmune diseases by increasing intestinal permeability and initiating a pro-inflammatory immune response


De Punder, K. & Pruimboom, L. (2013). The Dietary Intake of Wheat and other Cereal Grains and Their Role in Inflammation. Nutrients, 5(3). doi:10.3390/nu5030771

söndag 11 augusti 2019

Egg consumption, cholesterol intake, and risk of incident stroke in men: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study | The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition | Oxford Academic

https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-abstract/110/1/169/5490306


Conclusion: Neither egg nor cholesterol intakes were associated with stroke risk in this cohort, regardless of apoE phenotype.


Anna M Abdollahi, Heli E K Virtanen, Sari Voutilainen, Sudhir Kurl, Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, Jukka T Salonen, Jyrki K Virtanen, Egg consumption, cholesterol intake, and risk of incident stroke in men: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 110, Issue 1, July 2019, Pages 169–176, https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz066

lördag 13 juli 2019

Ketogenic diet activates protective γδ T cell responses against influenza virus infection | The Journal of Immunology

https://www.jimmunol.org/content/202/1_Supplement/62.7.abstract


"Ketogenic diet (KD) feeding resulted in an expansion of γδ T cells in the lung that improved barrier functions, thereby enhancing anti-viral resistance."
...
"Therefore, KD mediated immune-metabolic integration represents a viable avenue towards preventing or alleviating influenza disease."

Goldberg, E. L., Molony, R., Sidorov, S., Kudo, E., Dixit, V. D. & Iwasaki, A. (2019). Ketogenic diet activates protective γδ T cell responses against influenza virus infection. The Journal of Immunology, 202(1 Supplement), ss. 62.7-62.7. 

söndag 30 juni 2019

Low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk independent of weight loss: Researchers report reversal of metabolic syndrome in some cases -- ScienceDaily

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190620100036.htm


Low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk independent of weight loss: Researchers report reversal of metabolic syndrome in some cases


Ohio State University. (2019, June 20). Low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk independent of weight loss: Researchers report reversal of metabolic syndrome in some cases. ScienceDaily. Retrieved June 30, 2019 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190620100036.htm

fredag 24 maj 2019

Sugary Beverage Consumption and All-Cause Mortality

https://www.jwatch.org/na49179/2019/05/23/sugary-beverage-consumption-and-all-cause-mortality?ijkey=7T5HpAUWU


"Mean sugary beverage consumption was 8.4% of total calories, split roughly equally between sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juice (which are essentially identical in sugar content)."


"For example, high consumption of sugary beverages" ...

"was associated with 44% higher risk for CHD-related death. The relative risk for all-cause mortality increased by 24% for every additional 12-ounce consumption of 100% fruit juice."


Collin LJ et al. Association of sugary beverage consumption with mortality risk in US adults: A secondary analysis of data from the REGARDS study. JAMA Netw Open 2019 May 3; 2:e193121. (https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3121)






onsdag 22 maj 2019

Nutrients | Potential Protective Mechanisms of Ketone Bodies in Migraine Prevention | HTML

https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/4/811/htm

"An increasing amount of evidence suggests that migraines are a response to a cerebral energy deficiency or oxidative stress levels that exceed antioxidant capacity. The ketogenic diet (KD), a diet mimicking fasting that leads to the elevation of ketone bodies (KBs), is a therapeutic intervention targeting cerebral metabolism that has recently shown great promise in the prevention of migraines."


Gross, E. C., Klement, R. J., Schoenen, J., D’Agostino, D. P. & Fischer, D. (2019). Potential Protective Mechanisms of Ketone Bodies in Migraine Prevention. Nutrients, 11(4), s. 811.

lördag 20 april 2019

Anticatabolic Effects of Ketone Bodies in Skeletal Muscle

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1043276019300128



"Anticatabolic effects of β-hydroxybutyrate have recently been demonstrated in human skeletal muscle under inflammatory insult, thereby expanding upon the wide-ranging therapeutic applications of nutritional ketosis."



Koutnik, A. P., D’Agostino, D. P. & Egan, B. (2019). Anticatabolic Effects of Ketone Bodies in Skeletal Muscle. Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism, 30(4), ss. 227-229. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tem.2019.01.006